The reference to (polyhedrons) it just me definitively stating that real world singularities are not something that I accept.
Elliptical galaxies are shaped like ellipses (stretched circles). They are divided into eight types: E0-E7 depending on how elliptical they are. E0 ellipticals are nearly circular, while E7s are very stretched out. Elliptical galaxies are made up of mostly old stars, and do not have much gas and dust. There is very little new star formation in these galaxies. Elliptical galaxies also come in many sizes. The largest galaxies we see are ellipticals, but, elliptical galaxies can also be small. About 60% of all galaxies are ellipticals.
There are galaxies that look like giant stars; these are elliptical galaxies and they contain many of the oldest stars; why does an elliptical galaxy look like one giant star?
They are about as simple as a gathering of stars can be: massive blobs roughly spherical in shape. Through an amateur telescope, they appear as no more than a round, fuzzy patch of light against the dark background of the night sky. The giant elliptical galaxy NGC 1132 sits about 300 million light-years from Earth
Get Edwin Hubble classification of galaxies the tuning fork
Hubble evolutionary tuning fork model was indeed correct
The existence of elliptical galaxies show that clouds of hydrogen cannot gravitationally collapse instantaneously such clouds of matter can such large scales can only ignite themselves in sections
Larger quasars are the stage between elliptical galaxies and spiral galaxies where as smaller quasars are the stage between very large star and smaller star such as main sequence star such as our sun. A Quasars is simply a galaxy scale or stellar scale object that harnesses matter, gravity and other fundamental forces to process and object or system that creates an unwavering juggernaut that is a mixture of fastest rotation, high powered very organized magnetic field, more active nuclear reactions, ionization and plasma, powerful gravitational pressure, powerful reverse centripetal force, extreme heat, and high frequency light waves. This quasar is not annihilating matter like a black hole, and it is not consuming mass and energy like a black hole instead this object is simply converting mass, matter and energy into other forms of energy in the pursuit of coming a more stable object either as a galactic centre or as a star.
Based on the gravity of these large object for matter to escape that can either escape at the equatorial plane or at the poles the reason why escape at the poles is possible is atom within the galactic centre would be so hot you would have streams of nuclei and streams of electrons completely separated from each other swirling around, so all the particles would be charged; additionally, if they get to interact with photons of light that are of the highest frequencies such as x-rays and gamma ray these charge particles would now possess even more mechanical energy or momentum to oppose gravity and swerve along on the magnetic field lines of the rotating structure which would aligned with the rotational axis of this structure. So, it would not be streams or jets of light that these quasar are emitting or ejecting; instead it streams of electrically charged plasma but this plasma or ions would have been endowed with heat radiation related to x-ray and gamma ray and these streams material will start to emit these photons as they start to cool
While they vary in size, the most common size is most commonly around 5 on this graph, which equates to 100,000 AU, or about 1.5 light years across. That might seem pretty big, but remember that these objects are brighter than our galaxy (consisting of 200 billion stars). On a galactic scale these objects are tiny.
Light travelling from further away takes longer to get to u; all the galaxies closer to us have already evolved broken apart and became spiral. The objects further away are still very old and have old stars and the light from that far away are just getting to us and they are the remnants of the elliptical structure that would have existed earlier in the universe. One of the elliptical structures could form one giant spiral galaxy or break apart into several pieces to farm multiple spiral galaxies that are so close to each other they remain gravitational linked and seemingly attracts each other.
In addition to this the larger elliptical galaxies tends to sit at the centre or near the centre of galaxy cluster that can contain thousand of galaxies that seemed to be in billion year orbital periods within these clusters
To actually observe this evolution mankind would have to be around looking at the sky for a few more billion years to see many of these specific objects evolve.
Quasars are not black holes devouring matter, instead they are simply 1 or more massive star like object formed from the centre or at the centre of they result from an elliptical galaxies that has used up most of it hydrogen and have many old star and is entering into a new face of its evolution where it starts chain reaction explosion of all its many rotation stars, the exploding stars would not release only heavy elements but a lot of might element all this dust and gas large remain in close gravitational proximity to each other and in the equatorial plane of rotation that original elliptical galaxy has and these brilliantly lit quasar are the captivating and powerfully churning vortex galactic centre of the soon to be spiral galaxy. So, the matter and light being spewed out at the poles of these quasars, perpendicular to the equatorial plane is simply super heated plasma which is in essence charge particles such as nuclei and electron, streams of these essentially electrically units of particles in a dance with the roaring and powerful magnetic field lines of these rotating solar and galactic bodies. So the charge particles bounces from one field line to the next and have enough momentum from nuclear energy and all the heat generated to move upwards and outwards following the magnetic field lines. In the case of one stellar object at the centre of the galaxy the very large unstable and short lived object would carry see ions up from its core via it magnetic field why simultaneously expelling or ejecting vastly more matter neutral nonelectrical charge matter at its equatorial plane to start the creation of the spiral arms.
However if there are several massive star like objects at the centre these objects would be constantly rupturing their structure would have very violent solar winds consistently emanating from their structure all of them would be rotating in the same direction as well as orbiting in the same direction share conservation of angular momentum given that they were formed from the same elliptical galaxy centre, additionally this shared momentum given that all stars and star like objects have magnetic field and magnetic poles many of them would have their north pole points in the same direction which would cause synchronization of their magnetic field line and charge particles from all their solar winds would dance with these field lines are these objects spin and this would cause matter to be ejected at these shared poles. So, these objects are not consuming or destroying matter they are simply expelling energy from the centre of the galaxy so that the galactic centre and the galaxy as a whole can become a more stable object. These would be some of the most energetic, most violent, most unstable, fastest rotating and fastest orbiting solar objects in the material universe.
Essentially, an elliptical galaxy is such a densely pack structure, that given enough time, the chaotic motion of it stars, along with the vast amounts of mass, energy, and gravity shared among these structures, would eventually ensure that, over time, a tremendously large number of very volatile objects, or very unstable celestial bodies, would be in very close proximity to each other, or packed together in very cramped spaces (with ever shrinking room to operate independent of each other); which would put the gravitational bonds that exist amongst these unstable celestial objects into overdrive; and would guarantee that this galactic structure would eventually become very unstable. Such that, within certain sections of the galaxy, for a few million years, there would be billions of stars that: (1) would reside within shared orbital paths; (2) would possess interlocked, or synchronized, interstellar magnetic feild lines; and (3) would all explode, or rupture their superheated structures, to release vast amounts of mass and energy, at the same time. Consequently, this would forcibly turn the entire galaxy in to a cauldron of transmuted energy; which, over time, would eventually reconfigure into a roaring juggernaut of mechanical energy, magnetic energy, nuclear energy and ionized chemical energy, or into what is colloquially known as a fast rotating quasar, that would continuously emit many shock waves of exceptionally large amounts of radiant thermal energy and mass; as numerous stars start to get ripped open, or start to congeal into newer or younger stars.
So, in essence, this roaring interstellar and galactic structure would not just spew out thin clouds of fine particulates, or energetic beams of gamma rays, x-rays and alpha particles, as it starts to change or evolve; but it would instead unfurl entire sections, or entire layers, of its structure, ripping itself open in a myriad of ways; and its redistributed mass would possess the conserved thermal heat energy, nuclear energy, mechanical energy, rotational inertia, linear momentum and chemical energy, or the full assortment of chemical elements and particles, that the original structure possessed. Which means that quasars and the different types of spiral galaxies, that now all possess flattened shapes, or overall structural orientation, that are organized relative to specific rotational axes and planes of rotation, would have all have their origin in structures that were once elliptical or anomalous in shape.